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близу Višegrad, Republika Srpska (Босния һәм Герцеговина)
Andrićgrad is a tourist, cultural, administrative and educational complex situated on the estuary of the Drina and the Rzav rivers, approximately 300 meters from the Bridge on the Drina. <p>Andrićgrad is an idea about a stone medieval city, inspired by works and characters of a nobel prize winner, Ivo Andrić. It is actually a vision of how Višegrad would have looked like if the Renaissance and other historical periods had not gone by it. In architectural terms, the city itself is a mix of different eras and styles that have changed through the history of this area: the Byzantine style, the Ottoman period, the Renaissance and classicism. During the walk through the main street – promenade, visitors will be able to return to the past, “it practically merges two periods – the Renaissance fragments with the Ottoman period and the Byzantine Empire.”</p>
The narrow gauge (760 mm) railway Višegrad - Vardište was a part of the once famous "Eastern railway." In German, it is called “Bosnische Ostbahn", and is also known as the line "Sarajevo – Ostgrenze", or the Sarajevo-eastern border railway line. It was built by Austro-Hungary between 1903 and 1906. It linked Eastern Bosnia to Sarajevo and to the rest of the Austria-Hungarian empire. With a pricetag of 75 million gold crowns (450 thousand gold crowns per kilometer), it was one of the most expensive railways in the world built up until that time. If we recalculate all the costs of railway building, we will come to the incredible price of 1 kilogram of pure gold for each meter of railway. The construction of this line was motivated soley by its strategic importance, as Višegrad was located on the border between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. <p>The first train passed through the picturesque valley of the river Rzav on the 4th of July, 1906, travling from Sarajevo to Dobrun. On the 1st of August of same year, a part of the railway to Vardiste was opened. After the end of World War I, construction works continued this line from Vardište to Užice in Serbia, and that route was officially opened on January 25, 1925. </p> <p>From that time forward, the railway served as an artery for this region, and an important railway link between Bosnia and Serbia for full a 49 years. Unfortunately, in 1974, under the pretext of it being delcared unviable, the goverment decided to close railway line Užice – Višegrad. In 1978, the line Višegrad – Sarajevo was closed as well. The rails were removed and the route itself has been left to oblivion.</p> <p>Thanks to the the initiative of a group of Mokra Gora citizens in 2003, a part of this railroad was reconstructed for touristic purposes: from Mokra Gora to Vitasi station, known as "The Sargan Eight," and to Visegrad. After this section of the railway was restored, the first ceremonial train arrived from in Visegrad from Mora Gora on August 28, 2010, and was welcomed by the presence of numerous special guests, media representatives and several thousands of citizens of Visegrad and the surrounding municipalities.</p> <p>(<a href="http://www.visegradturizam.com">www.visegradturizam.com</a>) </p>
One of the most monumental pieces of architecture in BiH is certainly the bridge of Mehmed Paša Sokolović in Višegrad, also known as ''the bridge on the Drina''. It was built between 1571 and 1577 by the most significant Turkish architect of that time, Mimar Sinan. Built in the eastern style, it represents a masterpiece of construction of that time. It has 11 arches with a gentle slope towards the center, and a descending ramp onto the left bank. It once connected Bosnia to Tsargrad and today it is a place visited by numerous tourists, travelers, artists and lovers of history and architecture. At the same time, it is one of the major national monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina and inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in the year 2007. <p>It became a legend through the local writer Ivo Andrić, who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1961 for his novel ''The Bridge on the Drina''.</p> <p> </p> <p>(<a href="http://www.bhtour.ba">www.bhtour.ba</a>)</p>
Višegrad Spa is located at 5 km from Visegrad. It is surrounded by thick pine forest at the altitude of 414 m. Because of this altitude and of natural environment it has the characteristics of the air spa.Thermal waters of Visegrad spa consist characteristic radioactive carbonates home-thermal, with the temperature of 34ºс. The main healthy characteristic exist because of it s radioactivity, with the main element radon and the products of its disintegration process. Višegrad spa is the first listed spa by the level of its radioactivity in all of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it is rated as the second one in ex-Yugoslavia. The level of radiation is optimal for medical therapies, and there is no space of eventual accumulation of radioactivity or even side effects. Radon is capable of diminishing pain, increasing the resilience of body; make a positive impact on some endocrinal glands, respiratory and allergic deceases. Water of Višegrad spa is used for the prevention and curing of all age groups. <p> </p> <p>(<a href="http://www.visegradturizam.com/">www.visegradturizam.com</a>)</p>
Sjemec is a mountain in Bosnia and Herzegovina. <br />It is located east of the Rogatica in eastern Bosnia. The highest peak of Sjemec is Ivica, located at 1,497 meters above sea level. <br /> Below the Ivica summit, there is a beautiful Sjemec field, 5 km long, where every day can see herds of horses and herds of oxen. <p> </p> <p> </p>
At about 18 kilometers northeast from Rogatica, at 1100 meters above sea level, is a paradise for nature lovers Borike. They are real air spa, rich forest areas full of game and meadows where grow many kinds of herbs. A true paradise for those who want to escape the city hustle and bustle, to enjoy nature walks, collecting medicinal herbs, berries, mushrooms, or to engage in hunting and fishing, biking, or horseback riding. <p><br />As early as 1895, the Borike established stud farm for breeding Bosnian-hill and Arabian horse breed, the only of this kind in the Balkans. It provides services for the riding school, and you are able to enjoy a ride by horse-drawn carriage through these picturesque areas in summer, as well as sleigh rides in winter.</p> <p> </p> <p>Within stud farm, there is a nearly renovated hotel, where you can find tasty domestic food. </p>
On the way to Borike, the habitat of an unusual hazel tree can found. For half a century, the tree has withstood the ravages of time. The tree is popularly known as bear hazel. The average life span of this particular endemic species is about 200 years, but this unique specimen has existed for over 450 years. The height of the hazel is 14 m, and the diameter is 166 cm, with the width of the crown being 15 m in one direction and 12 the other direction. These deciduous trees have gray, corky, shallowly longitudinally fissured bark, the buds are very large. Its leaves are wider than longer, have a roughly double toothed rim and a heart-shaped base. Because of its size and beauty, this outstanding example of an endemic species has attracted many scientists-researchers, tourists and the local population. A few decades ago, it was placed under state protection, and in 2003 it was included in the Catalogue of the largest trees of the Republic of Srpska. <p><br />During the Austro-Hungarian period, the forest was cut down and just this hazel tree at this beautiful small clearing is left.</p>
Sokolica Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery dedicated to Saint George, near Sokolac in Ravna Romanija. The monastery Church of St. George the Great Martyr in Ravna Romanija, known as Sokolica, was consecrated on August 11, 2002. The temple was consecrated by Metropolitan of Dabar-Bosnia Nikolaj, established parishes, and the parish of Ravna Romanija. Construction of the temple began in 1996, the temple was settled in 2001, and the works were fully completed in 2003. In the churchyard there is a chapel dedicated to St. Peter Zimonjic. The church was designed by Ljubica Bosnjak, an architect from Belgrade.
Zečeva Ledenjača cave is located 1,525 meters above sea level and is a variety of snow and ice cave. The entrance faces northwest; the shape of the cave is irregular and the frame is cleft-shaped. The width of the opening is 3 m and the height, from the entrance of the upper hall, around 8 m. <p>The cave consists of two halls which are connected by a corridor covered with scattered rocks that give the impression of «chaos blocks.» The upper hall is full of beautiful ice formations, and the lower hall is oval shaped and does not have ice formations. At the bottom of the second hall an ice sheet has formed, which is quite flat and resembles a small lake. In the upper hall, dripping and leachate water had formed ice stalagmite and stalactite. On the sloping sides of the cave and close to the snow exists some interesting fauna called Brachydesmus.</p> <p>Earlier, it was famous for exploitation of ice, which (before beginning the production of artificial ice) was harvested and sold to hospitals, caterers and butchers in Sarajevo, and in the summer was also used for certain festivals in Sarajevo, Pale and Sokoce. The ice was 'read' by villagers Stajne, Rosulje, Podmjedenik and Bogovina, and especially family members Gluhović. Ice was cut with axes, wrapped in hay, places in sacks and loaded onto horses. Today, ice from this cave is no longer exploited. </p> <p>Source: Zečeva ledenjača - Ledenica na Romaniji, Globus br. 37-38, Beograd. Author: Pecelj Milovan, Miličić Miroljub, Šabić Dejan, Pecelj Jelena, Makarov, Slobodan Pecelj.</p>
Romanija Mountain is an attractive mountain because of its location and well-preserved natural environment. It attracts different kinds of nature lovers who are drawn by its magnificent network of forests, variety of wildlife, vast plateaus and numerous caves. The highest peak is Great Lupoglav, with an altitude of 1652m. It is lies on the west side of the Red Rocks, another site on the mountain that has been historically popular. The main characteristic of Romanija is its great rocky barrier, which has individual parts: Flat Rock, Eagle Rock, Red Rocks, Black Rock, Lady, and Large Rock. Romania provides various forms of recreational tourism such as paragliding, hiking, trekking through forests dominated by fir, spruce and pine. The beautiful nature, and hills that gradually grow into thick conifer forests, offer a great reward for all those who decide to hike to Romanija.
Novakova cave is located in the Great rock, on steep slopes of Romanija and is named after the old folk hero Starina Novak. Starina Novak was a historical figure from the second half of the sixteenth century, originating from Smederevo. He brigandage across Serbia and Herzegovina, but longest held on Romania and left a deep trace in the nation, as no other brigand. <br />The cave is located at an altitude of 1515 m. To the cave leads hiking trail that is properly marked and reinforced by cables. The trail leads to the Novak's sources, a large mountain trough. Hiking through thick conifer forest leads to the Novak fields, are suitable for camping holidays. <br />Below Novak's cave are the Emperor's waters, the most famous fountain in the vast area. Alongside of the spring led Constantinople road, which at one time was one of the most important roads of the Turkish Empire in Bosnia.
Ceković house in Pale was built in 1915. This two-storey with a loft and a wooden porch on pillars is considered one of the most beautiful houses in this region from the beginning of the twentieth century. The construction of this beautiful home began in 1902 and lasted 13 years. The house was in 2004 declared a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ceković house was rebuilt in 2007 and today there is a Gallery of Art Colony Pale. The house is located in the southwest part of the Pale to Romanija street. <p> </p>
The church of St. Joseph in Pale was built in 1911, and the parish was established in Pale in 1925. The church was built in the mountain style, entirely of wood, so that the only wooden church in the Vrhbosna Archdiocese. The church is under the protection of the State Commission for the Protection of Monuments.His style fits perfectly in the mountainous area for winter recreation and sports. The church was built or Austrian engineers for their religious needs, and later, increasing the number of Catholic population, was the center of the Romanija Catholics. The architectural ensemble of the Catholic Church in Pale is located in the center of the village, in the so-called. Old Bazaar or Little Pale. Access to the church is from the northeast. The main axis of the church is directed northeast-southwest, with an entrance on the north side.This church stands its architectural features of churches of Orthodox provenance, as well as churches of Catholic provenance in the Croatian territory. Next to the church was built and the parsonage. <p>(<a href="http://www.palelive.com">www.palelive.com</a>)</p>
At the site of the initial gondola station "Jahorina Express" operating new ski resort "Upper Pale - Flat Mountain" <p>Ski center offers path length of 1,200 meters to the top of which comes a lift capacity of 800 skiers per hour.</p> <p> </p>
An eternal synonym for a skiing challenge, the mountain Jahorina can be proud of the fact that people have skied here since the Austro-Hungarian period of rule. The first hotel on the mountain 'Šator' (tent) was built in 1923, when the first skis were brought here. The first skiing club ‘SKI’ was opened in 1928 and represents the beginning of the development of ski sports in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It experienced a boom in 1984 when the 14th Winter Olympic Games were held in Sarajevo and the competitions for alpine skiing for women were held on this Olympic beauty. <p>The highest mountain peak is Ogorjelica at an altitude of 1,916 meters. It belongs to the Dinara mountain chain.</p> <p>Jahorina is one of the largest and most beautiful winter tourist centers in the Balkans, with large snow covered pastures that represent a real challenge for skiers. It is also a popular destination for people who ride sleighs, snowboarders, climbers, hikers and those who collect medicinal plants. The mountain is very popular in the winter and in the summer. You will find 20 kilometers of well-prepared ski slopes with 2 six-seaters, 4 ski lifts and 3 two-seaters during the winter season. Yet this mountain pearl is open to visitors throughout the year, because those who do not enjoy the winter and the joys of snow will always find a beautiful summer waiting for them on Jahorina.</p> <p> </p> <p>(<a href="http://www.bhtour.ba">www.bhtour.ba</a>)</p>
The nature of the Jahorina offers all the luxury you need: ski slopes, numerous springs and streams, forests, fragrant meadows, and beautiful landscapes that can be traversed by hiking trail. <p>Jahorina is located in the central part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is nestled in a mountain chain dotted with other extraordinary mountains: Čvrsnica , Prenj, Bjelasnica, Treskavica and Zelengora. The length of the Jahorina massif is 30 kilometers away. The highest peak is Ogorjelica (1916 meters above sea level).</p> <p>The Olympic Centre Jahorina has over 20 kilometers of excellently prepared slopes with 3 six-seat, 4 ski-lifts and 2 sofas that can carry over 10 000 skiers per hour.</p> <p>Jahorina offers opportunities for hikers , climbers, cavers, hunters, fishing enthusiasts, sportsfolk and all those who crave the peace of untouched nature.</p>